Dnipropetrovsk University Bulletin. History & Archaeology series http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA <p><strong><span lang="EN-GB">ISSN&nbsp;</span></strong><strong><span lang="EN-US">2414-9578</span></strong><strong><span lang="EN-GB">&nbsp;(Online), ISSN 2412-5334 (Print)</span></strong></p> <p><strong>Certificate of state registration of printed mass media <a href="/Images/Sertificate1.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> Series КВ № 22025-11925Р </a></strong></p> <p><strong>Key title: Vìsnik Dnìpropetrovsʹkogo unìversitetu. Serìâ: Ìstorìâ ta arheologìâ (Online)</strong></p> <p><strong>Abbreviated key title: Vìsn. Dnìpropetr. unìv., Ser.: Ìstor. arheol. (Online)</strong></p> <p><strong>Parallel title: Vestnik Dnepropetrovskogo universiteta. Seriâ: Istoriâ i arheologiâ</strong></p> <p><strong>Parallel title: Dnipropetrovsk University bulletin. 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Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p><p>2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p><p>3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</p> svitlenko@gmail.com (Serhii Svitlenko) Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +0200 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 A Life in Clio's service. Pre-anniversary notes http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261701 <p>The article deals with the main milestones of the Professor S.I. Svitlenko's biography, the life and creative path as the famous Ukrainian historian, a dean of the Historical Faculty of the Oles Honchar Dnipro National University. The author defined his contribution to the development of historical education and science</p> Oleksii Borysovych Shliakhov ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261701 Mon, 05 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0300 Formation and development of Mykola Kostomarov's historiosophical views http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261702 <p>The domestic and foreign factors of formation and formation of the historiosophical views of the young M. I. Kostomarov are considered. It was shown that during the Kharkiv period the formation of the historiosophical vision of M. I. Kostomarov took place, and in Kiev the formation of the main features of his historiosophical concept. It was proved that in the mid–1830s − mid–1840s M. I. Kostomarov was formed and established as a Ukrainian philosopher of romantic, nation-loving, Slavophil and christocentric world outlook. In the creative work of the thinker found a reflection on such historiosophical problems as histogenesis of mankind, including the Slavs, the purpose, motive, content, structure and prospects of Ukrainian history. In the center of the historiosophy M. I. Kostomarov was the Ukrainian people as a motive of historical existence with their peopleʼs idea, character and needs. According to the thinker, the key factor in the progress of history was the issue of faith, which was interwoven with social, political, military and ethnic factors. The purpose of history was the realization of the main popular idea of Ukrainians, which they saw as independence and freedom. M. I. Kostomarov formulated the idea of national-cultural revival of Ukraine and the creation of a democratic and republican society within the federation of Slavic peoples, which was an alternative to the imperial regimes. Contradictions in the thinkerʼs outlook are associated with the presence of double loyalty and identity.</p> Serhii Ivanovych Svitlenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261702 Sat, 22 Jul 2017 00:00:00 +0300 Information field for historical research http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261703 <p>The article analyzes the main information collision of historical knowledge, which consists in physical inaccessibility of events and phenomena of the past as an object of historical science for a historian as an investigator. The aim of the research is to formulate and discuss a working hypothesis about the information field of historical science. The article provides an analytical background on the main ideas and approaches in the field of modern information field theory. The author carries out the projection of the main provisions of the information field theory on historical research. It is shown that the information field is a really existing information carrier that provides its acquisition, transportation, storage and visualization, as well as provides information and knowledge recorded in various forms, realizes cultural communications. One of the manifestations of such a culture is the sign systems, which determine certain contexts. Signs are characterized by polysemy. Despite artificial origin, semiotic reality is objective. Simultaneously, signs provide intellectual activity of people. Mental signs in the historical process of use by society acquire additional meanings, generating new symbols. Polysemy shapes the problem of epistemological uncertainty of two stages – identifying the problem and solving it. Historians as researchers resort to cognitive models, which, thanks to the translational function, ensure the transfer of information from the known to the unknown. One of the explanations of polysemy is the theory of conceptual integration, according to which the structures of the original mental spaces are projected onto a new, constructed, mental space – blend. This is the result of a personʼs intellectual ability to create new meanings on the basis of the available ones. Since signs and symbols are multi-valued, they form a multiplicity of retrospective scenarios of historical research at the stage of problem formulation. At the stage of its solution, the historian interacts actively with the information field, which consists in verifying empirical data of available scientific hypotheses. At this stage, the historian conducts heuristic, axiological and selection work, which results in the authorʼs version of the historiography.</p> Yurii Anatoliiovych Sviatets ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261703 Thu, 07 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0300 Patronesses of the Orthodox Church from the prince's families of the Ukrainian lands of the Jagiellonian state in the 1st half of the 16th century http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261704 The<strong> </strong>article contains the evolution of the right of patronage using for example women-patronesses from princely families and using them patronage in presenting church lands and giving church positions at the first half of the 16th century at the reign of the Jagiellonian dynasty. Important position for building the image of patroness in Early Modern time was acted in interaction masculine and feminine natures, which were continued traditional community around of some important Church problems in that time. Beside this research was described whole developing of womenʼs patronage though of prism of family relatoins. That's why at women patronage the most ponderable was influence death of relatives or marriages. Also in the article was displayed the development of relationships between different kinds of patrons and described the role of women on the uses of patronage for improvement of Orthodox Church. Mykola Yuriiovych Bulanyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261704 Wed, 29 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0300 Bohorodyts'ka and Starosamars'ka hundred (sotnya): administrative system and officer (starshyna) corps http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261705 <p>Bohorodyts'ka and Starosamars'ka hundred (sotnya)is an unique Cossack formations. They existed in a territorial isolation from the Hetmanate and Slobozhanshchyna, on the lands of the Zaporozhian Sich. The study of these formations will better understand the policy of the Russian government in relation to the Sich, to find out the methods by which the state authorities planned to put Zaporizhzhya Cossacks under their control. We do not know when the Bohorodyts'ka hundred (sotnya) arose. Now the first mention in the documents dates back to 1700. The Russian government planned to create a Cossack regiment (polk) here, but in reality was founded a Cossack hundred (sotnya). Ivan Mazepa, as an autonomous ruler, wanted to include this formation in the structure of Hetmanate, but a hundred (sotnya) was subject to the authority of a representative of the Russian administration – the Kiev governor. The hundreds (sotnya) were liquidated as a result of Russia's defeat in the war with Turkey and the signing of the Prut peace in 1711. We do not know when the Cossack hundred (sotnya) was restored under the name Starosamars'ka. This happened in the late 1730s – early 1740s. In 1744, the Starosamarsʼka hundreds became part of the Poltava regiment (polk) of the Hetmanate. The administrative apparatus of the hundreds was predominantly similar to other hundreds of Hetmanates, but the real power of the Cossack officers was a bit lower here. During the existence of the Starosamars'ka hundreds, such a body of self-government was preserved as a council (rada) that was not typical for the Hetmanate in this period. This was due to the fact that the peoples could easily escape from their power and move to neighboring settlements and recognize the jurisdiction of the Zaporozhska Sich. The population of hundreds and officers consisted mainly of immigrants from the left bank of the Dnieper, to a lesser extent – from immigrants from the right bank. Summing up, I note that the Bohorodyts'ka and Starosamars'ka hundred (sotnya) appeared as instruments of control of the Russian government over the colonization of Zaporizhye cossacklands. The Bohorodyts'ka hundred (sotnya), as far as we can judge, was under the direct authority of the Kiev governor. Starosamars'ka hundred (sotnya) became part of the Hetmanate. This is due to the fact that in the 1740s the Russian government was already convinced of the reliable control over the Hetmanate, although at the end of the 17th century there was no such control. Zaporizhska Sich fought both with legal and violent methods with this hundred (sotnya), which was located on the lands of the Zaporozhian Cossacks. The Starosamars'ka hundred (sotnya) ceased to exist in October 1761, when its territory entered the jurisdiction of the Zaporozhzhya Sich.</p> Oleh Anatoliiovych Repan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261705 Mon, 04 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Between the imperial identity and national vocation: a generalized image of the Habsburg state official in Galicia (1848−1919) http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261706 The article deals with the problem of the social status of the Habsburg state officials in Galicia in the time of 1848−1918. The author analyzes the main key-points of the imperial-class officials functions in the public space of the province. Further, the collaboration between the central authority and local political community is described in the context of absolutist reforms since the end of XVIIІ century. Significant emphasis was placed on the interpretation of management reforms of Joseph II and Franz Joseph. The «discourse» of the Galician officials – a faithful servant of the Emperor, and a supporter of his local nationality and interests, is singled out. Special attention was given to "personal" style of government in Galicia, its structure and constituent elements at the local level, describes the public status of the personality (stadtholder and bezirk governor on a background of legal competence and public expectations). Particular consideration is paid to significance of rituals (audience and official inspection) as a means of strengthening the power, support and encourage public authority among the population. Ethos of state officials analyzed according to official regulations and perceptions of provincial society as construction of peculiar behavior of ordinary officials, solved the role of education and public manners. Zinovii Mykhailovych Malanii ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261706 Mon, 31 Jul 2017 00:00:00 +0300 Crimes of the VUChK personnel and their growth in 1919−1922 (from the documents of the Katerynoslav provincial emergency commission) http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261707 <span lang="EN-US">The author has identified the causes of crime VUChK staff of 1919−1922. In the 1919−1922 most crimes of VUChK staff were made for profit. Officials crimes were committed because of the low level of the material condition of staff VUChK. Excess of official powers be explained by the lack of regulatory framework, low professional and cultural level VUChK staff. The author believes that in this period of great importance was the factor of "revolutionary euphoria" that would justify the use of any means "in the name of ideals of the revolution". In some cases, there have been psychic pathologies of professionals. Another cause of the majority of official crimes was the excessive use of alcoholic drinks. The fight against crime VUChK staff was not always successful. But the fight against crime officers always been a systematic character and did not allowed this social evils to transformed into a global problem. Often the effectiveness of the fight against crimes VUChK staff has been reduced because of factors such as too lenient sentences and connivance, particularly in cases of unscrupulous performance of official duties.</span> Viacheslav Albertovych Slivenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261707 Sun, 01 Jan 2017 00:00:00 +0200 The processes of "re-education" of the scientific and historical environment of the Ukrainian SSR in the 1920s http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261708 The article deals with the problem of total transformation of the scientific and historical environment of the Ukrainian SSR in the 1920s. The key issue of the article is establishment maximum control of ruling regime over the scientific environment of the Soviet Ukraine during the 1920s and the beginning of the transformation of this environment through the establishment of the Marxist ideological basis of the scientific system. The article also focuses on the "re-education" of scientific and pedagogical personnel and the ambiguous relationship between the "bourgeois" and the "red" professors. It is mentioned that the confrontation between the "bourgeois" professors and Marxist ideology was the consequence of the discovery of the so-called cultural front. The main stages of the relationship between the Bolsheviks and the Ukrainian intelligentsia are scrutinized in this article. Peculiarities of the conquest by the Bolsheviks of the scientific and historical environment of the NEP period are represented also. Teaching and supervising staff of the party-supported Ukrainian Institute of Marxism-Leninism and the Artem Communist University in Kharkiv are analyzed. Kateryna Oleksandrivna Dubinska ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261708 Sat, 29 Jul 2017 00:00:00 +0300 The Start of the Jews Rescue Campaign by the Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky in August 1942 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261709 Start of the campaign for the rescue of the Jews by the Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky in August 1942 is studied in the article. The author begins with an analysis of the August campaign in 1942 as a massive Holocaust of Lvivʼs Jewish community. He focuses on the fact that a foreboding of imminent catastrophe felt by some Jews led them, in despair, to address the Head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. A visit of Rabbis Dawid Kahane and Kalman Chameides started the campaign for the rescue of Jewish children from Lviv Ghetto. Active rescue efforts regarding adult Jews were made during the August operation. Some sources allow us to assert that sheltering the Jews in cellars of St. Georgeʼs Cathedral architectural complex was not a one-time act of commitment but an ongoing rescue operation under conditions of growing genocide. Events that took place in August 1942 became the turning point for Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky and Lviv Jews and their relationship, since they started the process of rescuing people deprived of the right to live by the Nazis. This rescuing campaign developed during the following months of autumn 1942. Yurii Romanovych Skira ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261709 Mon, 05 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0300 Leisure and holidays of participants of the movement of the OUN and UIA in Zakerzonnia 1943−1947 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261710 <span class="fontstyle0">The article deals with holidays and free time of participants of the movement of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army within the territory of Zakerzonnia (1943</span><span class="fontstyle2">-</span><span class="fontstyle0">1947). A brief review of historiography and historical sources are represented also. The author starts with telling about few theoretical remarks about leisure and holiday as phenomena of people's and societyʼs life. It is stressed that Ukrainian insurgents had small choice of free time. But even in wartime they were able to rest. It is emphasized that underground soldiers most of all enjoy to celebrate religious holidays, which reminded them the charm of childhood and family feasts. Main account of holidays and description of features of rebelʼs celebration are scrutinized too in this article. Certain attention is paid to the studying of patriotic holidays within the nationalist community. The author emphasizes that patriotic holidays in most cases have features of official ceremonies. In conclusion author says that holiday and leisure performed several important functions in the insurgents' life.</span> Vadym Yuriiovych Prokopov ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261710 Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0300 Medieval flower of primrose: museum of Yakov Rubin in Dnipropetrovsk university in 1940−1950s. http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261711 <p>The article describes life and professional activity of Yakov Rubin, Soviet historian and pedagogue, specialist in medieval history. Special attention is given to the description of the university museum, created by Rubin in Dnipropetrovsk university in the end of 1940 – at the beginning of 1950s. Rubin is a vivid example of the intellectual of Jewish original, who started a successful pedagogical and scientific carrier in early Soviet times. He was born in Dolginovo (Vilens'ka gubernia), raised in traditional Jewish familyand presumably studied in yeshivah, but after 1917 radically casted aside the life of shtetl. He finished Kharkiv teaching seminary, and later the Minsk university, and gained the diploma of the historian. In the end of 1920s Rubin became the active participant of the korenizatsiaya campaign in Belarussian Soviet Republic, writing numerous textbooks in Yiddish for Jewish schools. He also became of research worker of the Jewish sector in Belarus Academy of sciences. The majority of his works then were devoted to the history of class struggle and promotion of antireligious propaganda. After korenizatsiya was stopped, Ya. Rubin, alongside with many other his colleagues, was criticized for "nationalistic distortions". He was forced to leave his position, though managed to avoid direct repressions and continued scientific carrier as museum worker and lecturer. In 1944 Ya. Rubin, after evacuation from occupied Belarus, arrived to Dnipropetrovsk and headed the department of world history here. He tried to support medieval studies here. One of the main steps in this direction was the creation of special didactical museum. The museum emerged from Rubin's passion for visual methods of teaching – it was expected to make middle ages more visible and vital for history students. Though the museum emerged spontaneously (from the materials, gathered by Ya. Rubin as illustrations for his lectures) and existed by bare enthusiasm of the historian and his students, by the middle of 1950s it had an integral exposition. The ideological message of the museum totally corresponded with the official Soviet historiography: the exposition focused on the glorification of the Russian military victories in the past, anti-church and anti-clergy propaganda and history of class-struggle in Middle Ages. After Rubin's retirement in 1962 the museum declined, but hadn't perished. It changed its specialization and turned into museum of Dnipropetrovsk university, which exists till now.</p> Altbert Hryhorovych Venger, Tetiana Volodymyrivna Portnova ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261711 Sat, 25 Feb 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Construction Management South-Ukrainian and North-Crimean channels in 1950−1953 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261712 <p>In the current article the analysis of the mechanisms of the providing of management of the building process of the Southern-Ukrainian and Northern-Crimean channels in the command-administrative system of USSR during the late Stalinist period has been made. The building of Southern-Ukrainian and Northern-Crimea channels had a particular political value for USSR in the beginning of 1950s, while the realization of this project was supposed to create the prerequisites for the economic development of the Southern regions of Ukraine (until 1954) and the Northern regions of the Crimea. The General Directorate 'Ukrvodstroy" of the Ministry of Cotton of USSR was supposed to be responsible for the building of the Southern-Ukrainian and Northern-Crimean channels. However, the Ministry of Cotton as well as other union ministries turned out to be ineffective in the process of administering of "communism construction". On the other hand, the Council of Ministers of Ukrainian SSR and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union were very effective in providing of the building of the Southern-Ukrainian and Northern-Crimean channels. Due to the effective activity of the leadership of Ukrainian SSR related to the providing of the building of Southern-Ukrainian and Northern-Crimean channels, the revival of the social-economic development of the Crimea took place, particularly in the far end regions of the Crimea it happened due to the development of capital investments required for the program of channels building. Thus, the Council of Ministers of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and the Central Committee of Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine was actively expanding its territory competence on the territory of the Crimea.</p> Pavlo Viktorovych Satskyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261712 Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0300 The policy of "a powerful rise in agriculture" in the mid–1950s – mid–1960s and its results in Ukraine: the professional and production aspect http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261713 It is analyzed the results of the companies due to the providing with agricultural industry by the specialists with high and secondary agricultural education that are exampled in the politics of the state about the powered development of agrarian sphere of the country in a short period. It is mark that the results of realization of agrarian program that was made in 1953 in the part of intellectualization the material sphere of collective farms industry, were unidentified. From one side the radical organized economical changes were happened, the result of what was the change of accent in the system of formation the staffʼs potential of the village. During these changes the specialists were concentrated in the economies and were having the personal responsibilities for the results of actions of the serving and departments. The dates of transformation were accompanied as quantity and quality changes in the staff structure of the leading and governing links of collective farms. From the other side in the middle of 1960th the situation of their security was far away from the necessities of the material sphere of the village in the whole and also in the concrete directions of the agricultural industry. Oleksandr Fedorovych Nikiliev ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261713 Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +0300 The Philanthropic Organizations' Assistance to Jews of Romania and "Transnistria" during the World War II http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261714 The article is devoted to assistance, rescue to the Jewish people in Romanian territory, including "Transnistria" in 1939–1945. Using the archival document from different institutions (USHMM, Franklyn D. Roosevelt Library) and newest literature, the author shows the scale of the assistance, its mechanism and kinds. It was determined some of existed charitable organizations and analyzed its mechanism of cooperation between each other. Before the war, the Romanian Jewish Community was the one of largest in Europe (after USSR and Poland) and felt all tragedy of Holocaust. Romania was the one of the Axis states; the anti-Semitic policy has become a feature of Marshal Antonescu policy. It consisted of deportations from some regions of Romania to newly-created region "Transnistria", mass exterminations, death due to some infectious disease, hunger, etc. At the same moment, Romania became an example of cooperation of the international organizations, foreign governments on providing aid. The scale of this assistance was significant: thanks to it, many of Romanian Jews (primarily, children) could survive the Holocaust: some of them were come back to Romanian regions, others decide to emigrate to Palestine. The emphasis is placed on the personalities, who played important (if not decisive) role: W. Filderman, S. Mayer, Ch. Colb, J. Schwarzenberg, R. Mac Clelland and many others. It was found that the main part of assistance to Romanian Jews was began to give from the end of 1943, when the West States, World Jewish community obtained numerous proofs of Nazi crimes against the Jews (and, particularly, Romanian Jews). It is worth noting that the assistance was provided, mostly, for Romanian Jews, deported from Regat; some local (Ukrainian) Jews also had the possibility to receive a lot of needful things. But before the winter 1942, most of Ukrainian Jews was exterminated in ghettos and concentration camps. The main kinds of the assistance were financial (donations, which was given by JDC through the ICRC and Romanian Jewish Community), food parcels, clothes, medicaments, and emigrations from "Transnistria" to Romania, Palestine (after 1943). Considering the status of Romania (as Nazi Germany's ally in World War II), the international financial transactions dealt with some difficulties, which delayed the relief, but it was changed after the Romania's joining to Allies. The further research on the topic raises new problem for scholars. Particularly, it deals with using of memoirs. There is one other important point is inclusion of national (Ukrainian) historiography on the topic, concerning the rescue of Romanian Jews, to European and world history context. Iryna Gennadiivna Radchenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261714 Tue, 07 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0200 Institute of the Soviet Advisors in the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261715 <p>А role and place of soldiery and civil advisers as an important instrument of soviet politics in the Democratic republic of Afghanistan are investigated in the article. It is well-proven that on a quantity, scales of activity and sphere of plenary powers the institute of soviet advisers in Afghanistan did not have analogues in history of the "cold war". The attempt of determination of degree of efficiency of realization of orders of soviet guidance by advisers is realizable. Factors that influenced on their activity are found out. Question about responsibility of soviet advisers for the failure of socialistic experiment in the Democratic republic of Afghanistan discussed in the article. Also heaved up the problem of interpretation of institute of the soviet advisers as an important instrument of the soviet occupation Afghanistan in 1979–1989. The researches based foremost on the memoirs of the soviet advisers. Like research is at first carried out in Ukrainian historiography.</p> Oleksandr Leonidovych Kovalkov ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261715 Fri, 02 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0300 Aum Shinrikyo – a religious sect or a modern terrorist organization? http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261716 <p>This article examines the history of the Japanese totalitarian sect Aum Shinrikyo. Characteristics of the biography of its founder is given. The main aspects of religious teaching, based on the expectations of the Judgment Day and the salvation of mankind thanks to Aum, were clarified and determined. The activity of the organization in Russia has been analyzed and the terrorist actions of Aum Shinrikyo members themselves have been covered.</p> Olha Volodymyrivna Diachenko, Roman Leonidovych Shaparenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261716 Tue, 21 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0200 M. S. Hrushevsky as an Old East Slavic chronicles researcher http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261717 <p>The author analyzes scientific studies of M. S. Hrushevsky, which directly or indirectly are connected with Old East Slavic chronicles characteristics as specific historical sources. The article determines famous scientistʼs conceptual approaches to such topics as chronicles texts' attribution, determination of the content authenticity, information capabilities to investigate the history of the Kievan Rus'. It is ascertained, what are the main problematic issues, discrepancies, thematic and conceptual lacunae according to the M. Hrushevsky were the obstacle while researching Old East Slavic chronicles as a sources complex in the Ukrainian historiography of 20th century. The most weighty contribution was made by M. S. Hrushevsky to the Galician-Volhynian Chronicle studies. He reconstructed in depth the chronology of Galician-Volhynian Chronicle, and proved that this chronicle was firstly composed as a narrative ignoring dates. Only later some-one filled out the dates while editing the text, but "in a very random and false way". The author of the article makes a conclusion that in general M. Hrushevsky has described Old East Slavic chronicles as a "golden age of Kievan Rus' culture". However, only poor fragments of the chronicleʼs tradition remained by the turn of 20th century, being interrupted by the Mongol invasion. That's why the scientist warned historians against attributing the Old East Slavic chronicles with irrelevant "significant forms", since as reported in his researches there werenʼt enough sources to make such conclusions. The article demonstrates that the most typical features of the chronicles according to M. Hrushevsky were: significant impact of the Christian ideology, symptomatic loyalty to "knyaz-druzhina" system (governing classes in Kievan Rus'), content originality and stylistic ingenuousness, predominating collectivity and anonymity of the authorship. It is stated that Ukrainian historian has also defined main challenges for future researchers of Old East Slavic chronicles as historical sources. These challenges are aimed at the reconstruction of chronicles initial look (deprived of following supplements) through the comparison study of different collections and fragments.</p> Viktor Ivanovych Voronov ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261717 Fri, 21 Jul 2017 00:00:00 +0300 The role of the social context in the history of historiography (on the example of formation German historical science of the 19th century) http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261718 <p>The external contexts related to historical science are considered: political, social, general cultural, educational, ideological, which had a significant influence on the formation of German historiography in the nineteenth century. Particular attention is paid to the role of state support in the development of historical higher education and science. It is emphasized that the historical science in Germany was of a clearly pronounced national character and became an important factor in the consolidation of the German nation. It is emphasized that the «historicism», which was based on idealistic German philosophy, was the theoretical and methodological basis for the development of German historical science. Historical research and study of history in educational institutions have become important components in the formation of German burghers, who served the German state and worked for the common good.</p> Serhii Petrovych Stelmakh ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261718 Tue, 07 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0200 To the History of Samara Desert-Nicholas Monastery Archive and Book Collections http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261719 <p>The works by archimandrites Havriil (V. F. Rozanov) and Feodosiy (O. G. Makarevsky), historians A. O. Skalkovsky, D. I. Yavornitsky and V. O. Bidnov were the first documents on the history of the monastery (Novomoskovsk, Dnipropetrovsk Region). The monastery suffered from raids, fires, epidemics and robberies. The monastic archives were largely lost in the military operations. A lot of original documents didnʼt survive. The epidemic of 1750 did a great damage. The paper archive, infected things and monastery items were burned. The archive consisted of clerical documents, volumes of ancient laws, manuscripts and correspondence. The archive contained some other documents of great importance. They are so-called Universals, 11 statements with seals of Zaporizhian Sich Kosh (Leader) and priorsʼ complaints. The monastery archive contained manuscripts by the last Kosh Otaman (leader) − P. Kalnyshevsky. The archive included documents of state and local authorities and supreme church governing boards – reports, orders, decrees, warrants referring to the monastery property, inventories of monastery household items. A certain percentage of documents was correspondence among priors referring to internal discipline and economic life of the monastery. The names of famous visitors of the monastery are known: archimandrites Havriil and Feodosiy, A. O. Skalkovsky, A. P. Chirkov, P. M. Sochinskiy, V. D. Mashukov, D. I. Yavornitsky and V. O. Bidnov. They worked with documents and left published articles, essays and reviews. Except manuscripts the monastery had printed editions. The monastery library kept 150 liturgical books of Kyiv and Moscow publishing of the 17<sup>th</sup> − 18<sup>th</sup> centuries. Six printed books from Samara Desert-Nicholas Monastery are kept in Dnipropetrovsk National Historical Museum. The library collection of the 19<sup>th</sup> century was quite big. The research of the archive and the library of the monastery give an opportunity to highlight some of the unknown facts on library science and find rare editions of Ukrainian culture heritage.</p> Liudmyla Mykolaivna Luchka ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261719 Tue, 21 Mar 2017 00:00:00 +0200 The cause of Arseniy Matseevich as an "indicator" of the ideology of the church conservatism at the Catherinian age: historiographical aspect http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261720 On the materials of the historico-biographical treatises and furthermore the generalizing and monographic works in history of the Russian Orthodox Church and the social and political thought the historiographical appraisals and treatments of the ideological content and motivation of the church opposition to the Catherine's II policy led by metropolitan of Rostov Arseniy Matseevich is examined. This problematico-historiographical review is realized in the context of the Russian conservatismʼs origins and development from its initial oppositional version to the posterior incarnation. The Russian Pre-October and émigré "secular" historians (V. S. Ikonnikov, A. V. Kartashev) appraised Arseniy Matseevichʼs struggle against the secularization church estates decreed by Catherine II as the manifestation of the class economical egoism of the highest clergy only. These authors denied any "ideal" (spiritual and ideological) motives of his opposition to the Catherinian policy. Contrary to this viewpoint in the apologistical treatise about Arseniy Matseevich published in 1912 the priest M. S. Popov represented him as the principal ideological fighter for the Church's independence of the Catherinian absolutist regime. The Soviet historiography and the majority of the contemporary Russian historians assertes the "class egoistical" economical motivation of Arseniy Matseevichʼs opposition to the Catherinian politics and confronted his oppositional church conservatism with its "system" version personified by the metropolitan of Moscow Platon (Levshin). Mykhailo Albertovych Rudnev ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261720 Agrarian policy of the Ukrainian State on the journals of the meetings of the Council of Ministers http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261721 <p>The information content of the journals (minutes) of the meetings of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian State (1918) is investigated, which makes it possible to clarify the specifics of governmental agrarian policy. Information on the influence of the German and Austro-Hungarian military command on the agrarian policy of Ukraine, the peculiarities of land ownership and agrarian relations, the food and price policy of the Ukrainian government, and attempts at agrarian and land reform are discussed. The journals of the meetings of the Council of Ministers contain information about the emergence of a peasant rebel movement, caused in general by the unsuccessful agrarian activity of Hetman P. Skoropadsky, and also about government measures aimed at suppressing this movement. The investigated documentary complex should be recognized as an important source on the history of not only the Ukrainian State, its agrarian policy, but also the insurrectional movement and the Ukrainian Revolution of 1917−1921 generally.</p> Dmytro Volodymyrovych Arkhireyskyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261721 Sat, 02 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0300 The origin of Scythian caldrons in the context of the late Bronze − Early Iron Age of Eurasia http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261722 <span lang="EN-US">A detailed analysis of the historiography of the issue is presented, which takes into account works devoted to the antiquities of the early Iron Age. The authors come to the conclusion about the local production of Scythian metal boilers, seeing in this a very high level of development of metalworking of Scythian masters. With regard to the issue associated with the origin of the tradition of manufacturing these products, then in the historiography there were two theories: the Asian (L. N. Chlenova, S. V. Demidenko, V. S. Bochkarev, etc.) and native (O. A. Krivtsova-Grakova and others). In our opinion, the question of the origin of boilers should be considered taking into account the specific features of their morphology. Thus, open-shell boilers that dominate the archaic times (VII−VI centuries BC) are made taking into account the clearly formulated traditions and requirements for products of this category brought from the East to the Northern Black Sea Coast. Regarding the boilers with closed housing, which begin to appear in the VI century BC, we can say the following. Their production originates in the local traditions of the production of boilers, which were formed back in Cimmerian times (riveted boilers). But these traditions do not receive a direct line of development in Scythian time. We see rather complicated processes of formation of the Scythian center for the production of archaic cast caldrons in the Kuban region, where this tradition spreads throughout the Northern Black Sea Coast. In the course of this complex and multifaceted process, new syncretic traditions of the production of boilers are formed, combining the innovative method of production (casting) and the local traditions of perception of the shape of the caldron.</span> Oleksandra Volodymyrivna Romashko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261722 Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0300 Study of nomadic antiquities of the 9th − 14th centuries of the steppe zone Dnipro and Azov regions of Ukraine in the pre-revolutionary period http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261723 The article deals with the history of the study of nomadic antiquities of the 9th – 16th centuries steppe zone Dnipro and Azov region of Ukraine. The author analyzed the features of the first excavations of archaeological monuments of late nomads in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The initial stage of the archeology of the nomads of the 9th – 16th centuries on the Ukrainian lands is considered. Pavlo Serhiiovych Gubrienko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261723 Thu, 04 May 2017 00:00:00 +0300 The annotative review of researches for applicants of the Doctor and the Candidate of the history specialities which were defended in the Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University in 2015 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261724 <p>A subject and maintenance of dissertations for the degree of Doctor and the Candidate of historical sciences which were defended in the specialized scientific advice D 08.051.14 in the Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University in 2015 is considered. For a year 2 dissertations for the degree of Doctor (specialty 07.00.01 "Нistory of Ukraine") and 4 dissertations for the degree of the Candidate (specialty 07.00.01 "Нistory of Ukraine" – 1 work, 07.00.06 "Нistoriography, a source study and special historical disciplines" – 3 works) were defended. All dissertations were ratified by the Department of education and science of Ukraine. It is given the following information on every research work: theme, specialty, place (department) of work implementation, date of defense of dissertation, scientific consultant (for doctoral thesis) or leader (for candidate's thesis), his scientific degree and rank, place of work, data about official opponents. Considerable attention is spared to the compressed review of the personal achievements of authors especially to scientific novelty of their researches.</p> Oleh Viktorovych Boyko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://via.dp.ua/index.php/VIA/article/view/261724 Tue, 19 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +0300